I am weaving a set of four placemats and a centre mat. The warp is 6/2 cotton in blue and white. The weft is 3/2 cotton in white.
Sett: 27 ends per inch. 3 warp ends per dent in a 9 dent reed.
I calculated the shrinkage of the small sample piece I had woven all those years ago. It is 9% so I increased the measurements accordingly allowing for hems for each mat.
Number of warp ends: 398 This gives an extra two warp ends at one side to balance the design. The warp is approximately 14.7 inches at the reed which I hope will give the width I need once the material is off the loom and washed. Each pattern group of vertical twill is 11 warp ends. It is a 5/1 twill.
Here is the cloth on the loom. I am using a rug shuttle because the weft is relatively thick. I have not used this type of shuttle for some time and it took a while to get used to it. For the hem at each end I used a finer weft, 6/2 cotton and wove ten picks in plain weave. This ensures that the hem will be less bulky than using the thicker weft.
|Close up of weaving on loom|
|Comparison with sample.|
I wove a length of 48 cm on the loom which shrank to 44 cm when removed from the loom. I hemmed the piece and washed it to check the shrinkage.
|Reverse of weave draft showing weft floats|
|Top mat weft beaten lightly. Bottom mat weft beaten firmly.|
|Turn over the plain weave picks and iron firmly.|
|Now turn the raw edge under and press firmly.|
|Hemming the placemat.|